Pour Over Coffee: Recipe, Water Temperature, Grind + Brewing Tips

Pour over coffee is a method of brewing coffee that involves slowly pouring hot water over coffee grounds that are placed in a paper or cloth filter. This method allows for a more controlled extraction of flavor and produces a clean, bright cup of coffee. Here is a comprehensive guide to making the perfect pour over coffee, including the ideal recipe, water temperature, grind size, and brewing tips.

Recipe

To make pour over coffee, you will need the following ingredients:

  • Freshly roasted coffee beans
  • Water
  • A pour over coffee maker (such as a Chemex, Hario V60, or Kalita wave)
  • A scale
  • A coffee grinder (if you don’t already have freshly ground coffee)
  • A kettle or pot for boiling water
  • A timer

Instructions:

  1. Start by heating your water to the ideal brewing temperature, which is between 195-205 degrees Fahrenheit.
  2. While your water is heating, grind your coffee beans to a medium-fine grind size. You should aim for a consistency similar to sea salt.
  3. Place your coffee filter in your pour over coffee maker and wet it with a small amount of water. This will help to remove any paper flavor from the filter and preheat your coffee maker.
  4. Once your water is at the correct temperature, discard the water used to wet the filter and weigh out your ground coffee. A general rule of thumb is to use a ratio of 1:15 for coffee to water, so for every 15 grams of coffee, use 225 grams of water.
  5. Place your coffee grounds in the filter and give them a gentle shake to level out the grounds.
  6. Slowly pour a small amount of water over the coffee grounds in a circular motion, making sure to wet all of the grounds evenly. This is known as the “bloom” and allows the coffee to release carbon dioxide and expand. Let the coffee bloom for 30 seconds before continuing.
  7. Slowly pour the rest of the water over the coffee grounds, continuing to pour in a circular motion and making sure to cover all of the grounds evenly. The total brewing time should be between 2-3 minutes.
  8. Once all of the water has been poured, remove the filter and enjoy your delicious pour over coffee.

Water Temperature

One of the key factors in making the perfect pour over coffee is the water temperature. The ideal brewing temperature for pour over coffee is between 195-205 degrees Fahrenheit. Water that is too hot will extract too much flavor from the coffee and produce a bitter, over-extracted cup of coffee, while water that is too cool will not extract enough flavor and produce a weak, under-extracted cup of coffee.

To ensure that your water is at the correct temperature, you can use a thermometer or a kettle with a temperature control feature. If you don’t have either of these tools, you can bring your water to a boil and then let it cool for 30-45 seconds before brewing.

Grind Size

The grind size of your coffee beans is also an important factor in making the perfect pour over coffee. A medium-fine grind size, similar to sea salt, is ideal for pour over coffee. A finer grind will produce a stronger cup of coffee, while a coarser grind will produce a weaker cup of coffee.

If you are using a manual pour over coffee maker, such as a Chemex or Hario V60, a medium-fine grind size will allow the water to flow through the coffee grounds at the correct rate and extract the maximum amount of flavor from the beans. If you are using an automatic pour over coffee maker, such as a Kalita wave, a medium-fine grind size will produce a balanced and well-rounded cup of coffee.

Brewing Tips

Here are some tips for brewing the perfect pour over coffee:

  • Always use freshly roasted coffee beans for the best flavor.
  • Use filtered water to brew your coffee. Tap water can contain minerals and impurities that can affect the flavor of your coffee.
  • Use a scale to measure out your coffee grounds and water to ensure the correct ratio.
  • Be patient and take your time when pouring the water over the coffee grounds. A slow and steady pour will produce the best results.
  • Experiment with different ratios of coffee to water to find the perfect strength for your taste.
  • Don’t forget to clean your coffee maker and filter regularly to maintain the quality of your coffee.

With these tips, you can enjoy a delicious and well-balanced cup of pour over coffee every time. Happy brewing!

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